GAZ-AA, GAZ-MM, GAZ-AAA

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Model GAZ-AA GAZ-MM GAZ-AAA
Seating 2 2 2
Curb weight, kg TOTAL 1,810 1,810 2,475
front axle - - -
rear axle - - -
Gross weight, kg TOTAL 3,460 3,460 4,625
front axle - - -
rear axle - - -
Payload [carrying capacity] weight, kg 1,500 1,500 2,000 (1,500 if unpaved)
Permissible [semi-]trailer weight, kg - - -
Length, mm 5250 5335 5335
Width, mm 2040 2040 2040
Height, mm 1900 1970 1970
Wheelbase, mm 3340 3340 3200
Track width, mm front - - -
rear - - -
Minimal ground clearance, mm under front axle - - -
under rear axle 200 - -
Minimal radius of turn, m b/n curbs (outer front wheel) - 7.5 -
b/n walls (extreme exterior dimension - - -
Maximum speed, km/h 70 60 65
Fuel consumption, liters/100km 20.5 20.5 25.0
Acceleration time from 0-100 km/h, seconds - - -
Transmission gearbox 4 speed 4 speed 8 speeds ahead + 2 reverse
gearbox ratios - - -
main gear ratio singular, pair of bevel gears w/ spiral teeth - worm pair gear
transfer case ratio - -  
clutch single-disk, dry single-disk, dry single-disk, dry
Wheels number - - -
tire size 6.5-20 6.5-20 6.5-20
tire pressure, kg/cm2 - - -
Suspension front one transverse inverted semi-elliptic leaf spring one transverse inverted semi-elliptic leaf spring one transverse inverted semi-elliptic leaf spring
rear two longitudinal cantilever leaf springs - two double longitudinal semi-elliptic leaf springs
Steering gear cone worm and 2-ridge roller cone worm and 2-ridge roller cone worm and 2-ridge roller
gear ratio - - -
Brakes braking distance, m - - -
service (foot) drum type to all wheels  w/ mechanical drive drum type to all wheels  w/ mechanical drive (those produced during WWII lacked front brakes) drum type to all wheels  w/ mechanical drive
parking (hand) belt type to rear wheels w/ mechanical drive - drum type to transmission w/ mechanical drive
Filling capacities, liters fuel tank - 40 -
engine cooling system - - -
engine lubrication system - - -
gearbox housing  - - -
axle housing - - -
steering system cylinder - - -
shock absorbers - - -
hydraulic brake drive - - -
air filter - - -
Carburetor - - -
Electric equipment - - -
Accumulator battery - - -
Generator [alternator] - - -
Relay-regulator - - -
Starter motor - - -
Timer-distributor - - -
Spark plugs - - -
Engine engine type carb., 4-stroke, 4 cyl., sv carb., 4-stroke, 4 cyl., sv carb., 4-stroke, 4 cyl., sv
cylinder work order - - -
maximum horsepower, hp 40 @ 2,600 rpm 50 50 @ 2,800 rpm
maximum torque, Nm 17.0 - 17.0
displacement, liters 3.28 3.28 3.28
compression ratio 4.2:1 4.2:1 4.6:1
bore/stroke, mm 98.43 / 107.95 98.43 / 107.95 98.43 / 107.95
Years of production 1932-1938 1938-1950 1933-1945
Total units made approximately 320,000 ? 37,373
Wheel arrangement 4 X 2 4 X 2 6 X 4
Pictures 27 KB (b/w, side view [16])**

17 KB (b/w, side view [1])

50 KB (b/w, side view [2])

63 KB (b/w, side view [19/4])

8 KB (b/w, side view, cargo-passenger taxi [104])

12 KB (b/w, front view [105])

19 KB (b/w, side view [16])

45 KB (b/w, side view, 1941 [4])*

35 KB (b/w, front view, Ladoga [4])*

67 KB (color, front view, produced in Ulianovsk [UAZ] [28/7])

31 KB (color, 1932 early wooden [3])

20 KB (b/w, side view [1])

41 KB (color, front view [7])

12 KB (color, rear view [7])

55 KB (color, side view, drawing [106])

10 KB (b/w, front view, pre-war truck [4])

33 KB (b/w, side view [2])

32 KB (b/w, side view [4])

15 KB (b/w, front view [4])

31 KB (b/w, front view, 1943 [4])

30 KB (b/w, front view, Ladoga [4])*

17 KB (color, war memorial [9])

18 KB (b/w, side view [1])

29 KB (b/w, side view [2])

56 KB (color, side view, drawing [106])

41 KB (color, front view, cabin roof restored incorrectly [28])

42 KB (b/w, side view, post-1943 model [4])

8 KB (b/w, side view [5])

16 KB (b/w, side view [103])

18 KB (b/w, 1936 w/ anti-aircraft gun [4])

*These trucks are taking part in operations during WWII. At the beginning of the War, GAZ-AA and GAZ-MM made up 55% of vehicles in the Red Army. In the 35 kb picture, the driver's door is open as he is delivering food to the besieged city of Leningrad so that if the truck breaks the ice on Ladoga lake the driver will be able to jump out. In the 30 kb picture, again, a column of trucks is driving on the icy "Road of Life" to bring food to the heroic city of Leningrad. During the war years, GAZ, ZIS, UAZ and UralZIS made 205,000 vehicles, 150,000 of which were used in the Army.

**These GAZ-AA are standing in front of GAZ plant in 1932. The "Auto conveyor" newspaper wrote on 31 January 1932 "22 of January at 6 in the evening the first automobile came off the conveyor. At 8 o'clock one after the other 4 trucks went out of the production room. The Bolshevik program is done. The country has gotten the first 25 cars." [16]

GAZ-AA whose production began the same year that the factory in Gorky was built, was almost an identical copy of an American Ford-AA (19 KB [34], 28 KB [35], 26 KB [35]). In 1949, 1950 GAZ-MM was no longer produced in Gorky (Nizhni Novgorod) but in Ulianovsk (1947-1950) on the UAZ plant (67 KB [28/7]). All 3 above trucks were widely used during WWII. GAZ-AA was the most common one as it was used to bring food on "the Road of Life" to the besieged Leningrad going across the frozen lake Ladoga. Another vehicle with this type of cabin: take a look at GAZ-AAAA (32 KB [7], 34 KB [7], 67 KB [3]) pictures which show 3 axle GAZ-A. In addition there were some GAZ-33 (62 KB [7]) made, its only difference from GAZ-AAA was its 6 X 6 off-road wheel formula, in contrast to GAZ-AAA's 6 X 4.

As part of the measure of economy during the war years, GAZ-AA and GAZ-MM were made in simplified and cheaper versions. This war version had wood and tarpaulin cabins, edged fenders, one headlight and front wheels lacked brakes. Along with these, GAZ made all-wheel drive Chevrolet-G7107 from parts brought in accordance with the Lend-Lease act.

 

Page created on Wednesday, September 23, 1998. Page last updated on Monday, May 06, 2002 11:02:52 AM EST.