SovAvto Website.


Model  GAZ-42
Seating 2
Curb weight, kg TOTAL 2,050
front axle -
rear axle -
Gross weight, kg TOTAL -
front axle -
rear axle -
Payload [carrying capacity] weight, kg 1,200
Permissible [semi-]trailer weight, kg -
Length, mm 5335
Width, mm 2040
Height, mm 1970
Wheelbase, mm 3340
Track width, mm front 1405
rear 1600
Minimal ground clearance, mm under front axle -
under rear axle 200
Minimal radius of turn, m b/n curbs (outer front wheel) -
b/n walls (extreme exterior dimension -
Maximum speed, km/h 50
Fuel consumption, liters/100km 53 kg of firewood
Acceleration time from 0-100 km/h, seconds -
Transmission gearbox 4 speed
gearbox ratios -
main gear ratio 7.5; singular, pair of bevel gears w/ spiral teeth
transfer case ratio -
clutch single-disk, dry
Wheels number -
tire size 6,5-20
tire pressure, kg/cm2 -
Suspension front on one transverse, overturned semi-elliptical leaf spring 
rear on two longitudinal leaf springs
Steering gear cone worm and 2-ridge roller
gear ratio -
Brakes braking distance, m -
service (foot) drum brakes w/ mechanical drive to all wheels
parking (hand) belt brake w/ mechanical drive to rear wheels
Filling capacities, liters fuel tank -
engine cooling system -
engine lubrication system -
gearbox housing  -
axle housing -
steering system cylinder -
shock absorbers -
hydraulic brake drive -
air filter -
Carburetor -
Electric equipment -
Accumulator battery -
Generator [alternator] -
Relay-regulator -
Starter motor -
Timer-distributor -
Spark plugs -
Engine engine type 4 cyl., carb., sv, 4-stroke
cylinder work order -
maximum horsepower, hp 30
maximum torque, Nm -
displacement, liters 3.28
compression ratio 6.2:1
bore/stroke, mm -
Years of production 1939-1946
Overall units produced 33,840
Wheel arrangement 4 X 2
Pictures 11 KB (b/w, side view [1])

30 KB (b/w, side view [2])

63 KB (b/w in wilderness [3])

This was a gas generator truck which could run on wood or coal. In 1942 the design was altered, namely, the fenders and the cabin were simplified and only the left headlight was left. This was a measure of war-time economy. Even though gas generator truck was less powerful and slower but at the same time more difficult to operate and service, shortages of petrol during World War II made it an irreplaceable vehicle in the northern forest regions of the USSR. This vehicle, as is evident from the picture, is entirely based on GAZ-AA. The mass of the gasifier equipment including cooling and filtering mechanisms was 415 kg; thus decreasing the mass of cargo that could be transported from 1500 on GAZ-AA to 1200 kg on GAZ-42. Firing up the gasifier system took 10-14 minutes.

Page created on Wednesday, September 23, 1998. Page last updated on Saturday, December 08, 2001 10:29:27 PM EST.